Questões de Inglês - Exercícios para Concurso com Gabarito

Questões de Inglês com Gabarito. Exercícios para Concurso com Atividades Resolvidas e Comentadas. Teste seus conhecimentos com Perguntas e Respostas Grátis!

1 Questão 9885 Inglês, Estudantes Universitários, SEE DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2014

Crossing the street while listening to an MP3 player may soon be illegal in New York. A law has been proposed in response to several deaths apparently caused by pedestrians stepping into traffic listening to iPods. The ban would also extend to other electronic devices including cell phones, video games and handheld email devices, and offenders would face a $ 100 fine.
      Pedestrians are getting so involved with what they are listening on their iPods that they don’t pay enough attention to the traffic, often with tragic consequences. According to some official information, many people are being killed as a result of stepping off the sidewalk in front of fast-moving vehicles. And most of the accidents can’t be avoided because the victims couldn’t even hear the warning because of the use of MP3.

                        Mark Hancock & Annie McDonald. English result upper-intermediate. Oxford University Press. p. 103 (adapted).

Judge the following items according to the text.
In New York, a law was proposed to forbid the use of MP3 outdoors.

2 Questão 22721 Inglês, Contador, CAPES, CESGRANRIO, Ensino Superior, 2008

Texto associado.
How to dig out from the information avalanche
Majority of workers feel overwhelmed by deluge of data, survey finds
By Eve Tahmincioglu updated 8:18 p.m. ET March 16, 2008

Don"t expect Shaun Osher, the CEO of Core Group Marketing in New York, to answer your e-mail right away. He has stopped responding to e-mails every minute and only checks his e-mail account twice a day. He also started turning off his BlackBerry during meetings. This tactic has made him so much more productive that earlier this year he held a meeting with his staff of 50 and "strongly suggested" that they stop relying so heavily on e-mail and actually start calling clients on the phone. And, he requested his employees put cell phones and PDAs on silent mode during meetings, as well as curtail the common practice of cc-ing everybody when sending out an e-mail. "There was so much redundancy, so much unnecessary work," he explains. "One person could handle an issue that should take two minutes, but when an email goes out and five people get cc-ed, then everybody responds to it and there"s a snowball effect." It"s not that Osher has anything against technology. In fact, he loves it. The problem is, last year he realized he was inundated with so many e-mails and so much information in general that he began to experience data overload. "In the beginning, e-mail and all this data was a great phenomenon, revolutionizing what we do. But the pendulum has swung way too much to the other side," he maintains. "We"re less productive." Osher isn"t the only one out there under a data avalanche. Thanks to technological innovations, you can be talking to a customer on your cell phone, answering a LinkedIn invitation on your laptop, and responding to email on your PDA all at the same time. Besides, during tough economic times, who will want to miss any information when your job could be on the line if you indulge in the luxury of being offline? Turns out, seven out of 10 office workers in the United States feel overwhelmed by information in the workplace, and more than two in five say they are headed for a data "breaking point," according to a recently released Workplace Productivity Survey. Mike Walsh, CEO of LexisNexis U.S. Legal Markets, says there are a host of reasons we"re all on the information brink: "exponential growth of the size of the information "haystack," the immensity and immediacy of digital communications, and the fact that professionals are not being provided with sufficient tools and training to help them keep pace with the growing information burden." Ellen Kossek, a professor from Michigan State, believes we are less productive in this age of 24-7 technology, and our multitasking mentality has spawned a "not-mentallypresent" society. "We"re becoming an attention-deficit disorder society switching back and forth like crazy," Kossek says. "We"re connected all the time. We"re working on planes, in coffee shops, working on the weekends. Work is very seductive, but yet we"re actually less effective." The key to getting your head above the data flood, according to workplace experts, is managing and reducing the information you"re bombarded with.

© 2008 MSNBC Interactive - (slightly adapted) http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/23636252/
"This tactic" (line 6) refers to which of Shaun Osher"s behavior?

3 Questão 200099 Inglês, Aluno EsFCEx, EsFCEx, EsFCEx, 2011

Choose the alternative that correctly completes the sentence below:
She speaks English with a (n)_________ American accent.

4 Questão 206410 Inglês, Especialista em Regulação, ANVISA, CETRO, 2013

Texto associado.

LÍNGUA ESTRANGEIRA (INGLÊS)

Read the text below to answer questions 11–12.

Anxiety Medication: Over Prescribed and Causing Overdoses

According to a story on NBC New York, more and more patients are ending up in New York City hospitals having over dosed on Xanax. Xanax is in the benzodiaziepine family of drugs and it?s used to treat anxiety, nervousness, and panic attacks by decreasing brain activity.

Xanax Overdoses Way Up
NBC New York reports:

Between 2004 and 2009, New York City emergency room visits involving Xanax and other anti–anxiety prescription drugs known as benzodiazepines increased more than 50 percent. That?s up from 38 out of 100,000 New Yorkers in 2004 to 59 out of 100,000 New Yorkers.
It?s not the drug by itself that causes the overdoses, but used in combination with other drugs and alcohol, it creates a toxic cocktail which isn?t easily metabolized in the body.
The drug is habit forming and withdrawal symptoms can include sweating, shaking, difficulty falling asleep, difficulty concentrating, depression, and nervousness. Many fear that the drug is being over prescribed.
"I don?t believe they take the time with the patients to figure out what the problems are," Cali Estes, a drug counselor said to NBC New York. "A doctor who is running short on time and nurses and probably isn?t paid as much as he or she used to be finds it easier to say, ?OK, this person has a problem, here?s your script, have a nice day. Where?s my next patient??"

Whitney Houston?s Death Tied to Xanax and Other Drugs Whitney Houston?s recent death is raising questions as to this and other sedatives. Xanax is most often criticized by those in the psychiatric community because it only lasts 6 to 20 hours.

Forbes reports:

On the face of it, this seems like a great combination – you get a quick hit of anxiety relief and the drug leaves your system within a 24–hour period. But in practice what often happens is that because the drug acts so quickly and dissipates quickly, the patient begins taking more of it to maintain the effect. Two pills a day turns into four, which turns into six and so forth.
According to the CDC, prescription drug overdose is now the leading cause of accidental death in the U.S., topping automobile accidents for the first time in 30 years. Currently, Xanax is the 11th most widely prescribed drug in the nation.

Available in: http://blogs.discovery.com

Read the sentence below taken from the text and analyze the assertions.

"Two pills a day turns into four, which turns into six and so forth."

I– The phrasal verb "to turn into" can be replaced by "in turn".
II– "Which" refers to the last quantity of pills mentioned.
III– The expression "so forth" infers that, after having 6 pills, the patient restarts taking four pills.

The correct assertion(s) is(are)

5 Questão 29920 Inglês, Gestor de Políticas Públicas Regionais, Consórcio Intermunicipal Grande ABC, CAIPIMES, Ensino Superior, 2015

Texto associado.
Clues to How an Electric Treatment for Parkinson’s Work

In 1998, Dr. Philip A. Starr started putting electrodes in people’s brains. A neurosurgeon at the University of California, San Francisco, Dr. Starr was treating people with Parkinson’s disease, which slowly destroys essential bits of brain tissue, robbing people of control of their bodies. At first, drugs had given his patients some relief, but now they needed more help. After the surgery, Dr. Starr closed up his patients’ skulls and switched on the electrodes, releasing a steady buzz of electric pulses in their brains. For many patients, the effect was immediate. “We have people who, when they’re not taking their meds, can be frozen,” said Dr. Starr. “When we turn on the stimulator, they start walking.” First developed in the early 1990s, deep brain stimulation, or D.B.S., was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating Parkinson’s disease in 2002. Since its invention, about 100,000 people have received implants. While D.B.S. doesn’t halt Parkinson’s, it can turn back the clock a few years for many patients. Yet despite its clear effectiveness, scientists like Dr. Starr have struggled to understand what D.B.S. actually does to the brain. “We do D.B.S. because it works,” said Dr. Starr, “but we don’t really know how.” In a recent experiment, Dr. Starr and his colleagues believe they found a clue. D.B.S. may counter Parkinson’s disease by liberating the brain from a devastating electrical lock-step.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/16/science/ (adapted)
The negative form of: “In a recent experiment, Dr. Starr and his colleagues believe they found a clue.” is:

6 Questão 30388 Inglês, Analista Trainee de Ciências Contábeis, CPTM, MAKIYAMA, Ensino Superior, 2012

Texto associado.
 Generation Y
By Sally Kane, About.com Guide

Born in the mid-1980"s and later, Generation Y legal professionals are in their 20s and are just entering the workforce. With numbers estimated as high as 70 million, Generation Y (also -1- as the Millennials) is the fastest growing segment of today"s workforce. As law firms compete for available talent, employers cannot ignore the needs, desires and attitudes of this vast generation. Below are a few common traits that define Generation Y.

Tech-Savvy: Generation Y grew up with technology and rely on it to perform their jobs better. Armed with BlackBerrys, laptops, cellphones and other gadgets, Generation Y is plugged-in 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. This generation prefers to communicate through e-mail and text messaging rather than face-to-face contact and -2- webinars and online technology to traditional lecture-based presentations.

Family-Centric: The fast-track has lost much of its appeal for Generation Y who is willing to trade high pay for fewer billable hours, flexible schedules and a better work/life balance. While older generations may view this attitude as narcissistic or lacking commitment, discipline and drive, Generation Y legal professionals have a different vision of workplace expectations and prioritize family over work.

Achievement-Oriented: Nurtured and pampered -3- parents who did not want to make the mistakes of the previous generation, Generation Y is confident, ambitious and achievement-oriented. They have high expectations of their employers, seek out new challenges and are not afraid to question authority. Generation Y wants meaningful work and a solid learning curve

Team-Oriented: As children, Generation Y participated in team sports, play groups and other group activities. They value teamwork and seek the input and affirmation of others. Part of a no-person-left-behind generation, Generation Y is loyal, committed and wants to be included and involved.

Attention-Craving: Generation Y craves attention in the forms of feedback and guidance. They appreciate being kept in the loop and seek frequent praise and reassurance. Generation Y may benefit greatly from mentors who can help guide and develop their young careers.

Font: http://legalcareers.about.com/od/practicetips/a/Ge...
The word that best complete the gap 2 is:

7 Questão 21977 Inglês, Analista Legislativo, AL PE, FCC, Ensino Superior, 2014

Texto associado.
House Approves Higher Debt Limit Without Condition
By JONATHAN WEISMAN and ASHLEY PARKER
Feb. 11, 2014

WASHINGTON - Ending three years of brinkmanship in which the threat of a devastating default on the nation’s debt was used to wring conservative concessions from President Obama, the House on Tuesday voted to raise the government’s borrowing limit until March 2015, without any conditions.
The vote - 221 to 201 - relied almost entirely on Democrats in the Republican-controlled House to carry the measure and represented the first debt ceiling increase since 2009 that was not attached to other legislation. Only 28 Republicans voted yes, and only two Democrats voted no.
Simply by holding the vote, Speaker John A. Boehner of Ohio effectively ended a three-year Tea Party-inspired era of budget showdowns that had raised the threat of default and government shutdowns, rattled economic confidence and brought serious scrutiny from other nations questioning Washington’s ability to govern. In the process, though, Mr. Boehner also set off a series of reprisals from fellow Republican congressmen and outside groups that showcased the party’s deep internal divisions.
During the October 2013 government shutdown, The Times’s David Leonhardt explained the debt limit and how a failure to raise it could have affected the economy both at home and abroad.
"He gave the president exactly what he wanted, which is exactly what the Republican Party said we did not want,” said a Republican representative, Tim Huelskamp of Kansas, who last year unsuccessfully tried to rally enough support to derail Mr. Boehner’s re-election as speaker. “It’s going to really demoralize the base.”
The vote was a victory for President Obama, Democrats and those Senate Republicans who have argued that spending money for previously incurred obligations was essential for the financial standing of the federal government. “Tonight’s vote is a positive step in moving away from the political brinkmanship that’s a needless drag on our economy,” Jay Carney, the White House press secretary, said in a statement.
"A clean debt ceiling is a complete capitulation on the speaker’s part and demonstrates that he has lost the ability to lead the House of Representatives, let alone his own party,” said Jenny Beth Martin, co-founder of the Tea Party Patriots. “It is time for him to go.”
Senator Harry Reid of Nevada, the majority leader, commended the speaker and promised to pass the bill as soon as possible. “We’re happy to see the House is legislating the way they should have legislated for a long time,” he said.


(Adapted from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/12/us/politics/ boehner-to-bring-debt-ceiling-to-vote-without-policy- attachments. html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_2014021 2&_r=0)
De acordo com o texto,

8 Questão 117229 Inglês, Interpretação de Textos, Analista de Sistemas, ELETROBRÁS, CESGRANRIO, 2010

Texto associado.

imagem-retificada-texto-001.jpg

Both Text I and Text II

9 Questão 686072 Inglês, Conhecimentos Básicos, CGE CE, CESPE CEBRASPE, Ensino Médio, 2019

Texto associado.
1 Auditors must avail themselves of professional
judgment in planning and conducting the engagement and
in reporting the results.
4 Professional judgment entails exercising reasonable
care and professional skepticism. The former comprises acting
diligently in compliance with applicable professional standards
7 and ethical principles. The latter requires a questioning mind,
awareness of conditions that may indicate possible
misstatement owing to error or fraud, and a critical assessment
10 of evidence. Professional skepticism includes being alert to, for
example, evidence that contradicts other evidence obtained
or information that brings into question the reliability of
13 documents or responses to inquiries to be used as evidence.
Further, it includes a mindset in which auditors assume that
management is neither dishonest nor of unquestioned honesty.
16 Auditors may accept records and documents as genuine unless
they have reason to believe otherwise. Auditors may consider
documenting procedures undertaken to support their
19 application of professional skepticism in highly judgmental or
subjective areas under audit.
Government auditing standards. 2018 (Revision).
Comptroller General of the USA (adapted).
In text CB1A3-I, the passage 

10 Questão 195494 Inglês, Aluno EsFCEx, EsFCEx, EsFCEx, 2007

In which sentence does the article or the absence of an article express nongeneric meaning of the noun in bold?