Questões do ENEM - Inglês - Exercícios com Gabarito

Questões do ENEM - Inglês - com Gabarito. Exercícios com Perguntas e Respostas, Resolvidas e Comentadas. Acesse Grátis!


British Government to Recruit Teens as Next Generation of Spies


In the 50 years since the first James Bond movie created a lasting impression of a British secret agent, a completely different character is about to emerge. Britain’s intelligence agencies are to recruit their next generation of cyber spies by harnessing the talents of the “Xbox generation”.

In an expansion of a pilot program, Foreign Secretary William Hague announced Thursday that up to 100 18-year-olds will be given the chance to train for a career in Britain’s secret services. The move to recruit school-leavers marks a break with the past, when agencies mainly drew their staff from among university graduates.

“Young people are the key to our country’s future success, just as they were during the War”, Hague said. “Today we are not at war, but I see evidence every day of deliberate, organized attacks against intellectual property and government networks in the United Kingdom.”

The new recruitment program, called the Single Intelligence Account apprenticeship scheme will enable students with suitable qualifications in science, technology or engineering, to spend two years learning about communications, security and engineering through formal education, technical training and work placements.

JEARY, P. Disponível em: http://worldnews.nbcnews.com. Acesso em: 19 nov. 2012.


Segundo informações veiculadas pela NBC News, a geração digital já tem seu espaço conquistado nas agências britânicas de inteligência. O governo britânico decidiu que

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TEXTO I
A Free World-class Education for Anyone Anywhere
The Khan Academy is an organization on a mission. We’re a not-for-profit with the goal of changing education for the better by providing a free world-class education to anyone anywhere. All of the site’s resources are available to anyone. The Khan Academy’s materials and resources are available to you completely free of charge.
Disponível em: www.khanacademy.org. Acesso em: 24 fev. 2012 (adaptado).
TEXTO II
I didn’t have a problem with Khan Academy site until very recently. For me, the problem is the way Khan Academy is being promoted. The way the media sees it as “revolutionizing education”. The way people with power and money view education as simply “sit-and-get”. If your philosophy of education is “sit-and-get”, i.e., teaching is telling and learning is listening, then Khan Academy is way more efficient than classroom lecturing. Khan Academy does it better. But TRUE progressive educators, TRUE education visionaries and revolutionaries don’t want to do these things better. We want to DO BETTER THINGS.
Disponível em: http://fnoschese.wordpress.com. Acesso em: 2 mar. 2012.
Com o impacto das tecnologias e a ampliação das redes sociais, consumidores encontram na internet possibilidades de opinar sobre serviços oferecidos. Nesse sentido, o segundo texto, que é um comentário sobre o site divulgado no primeiro, apresenta a intenção do autor de
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Do one thing for diversity and inclusion
The United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) is launching a campaign aimed at engaging people around
the world to Do One Thing to support Cultural Diversity and Inclusion. Every one of us can do ONE thing for diversity
and inclusion; even one very little thing can become a global action if we all take part in it.
Simple things YOU can do to celebrate the World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
on May 21.
1. Visit an art exhibit or a museum dedicated to other cultures.
2. Read about the great thinkers of other cultures.
3. Visit a place of worship different than yours and participate in the celebration.
4. Spread your own culture around the world and learn about other cultures.
5. Explore music of a different culture.
There are thousands of things that you can do, are you taking part in it?
UNITED NATIONS ALLIANCE OF CIVILIZATIONS. Disponível em: www.unaoc.org. Acesso em: 16 fev. 2013 (adaptado).
Internautas costumam manifestar suas opiniões sobre artigos on-line por meio da postagem de comentários. O comentário que exemplifica o engajamento proposto na quarta dica da campanha apresentada no texto é:

The record industry
The record industry is undoubtedly in crisis, with labels laying off employees in continuation. This is because CD sales are plummeting as youngsters prefer to download their music from the Internet, usually free of charge.
And yet it´s not all gloom and doom. Some labels are in fact thriving. Putumayo World Music, for example, is growing, thanks to its catalogue of ethnic compilation albums, featuring work by largely unknown artists from around the planet.
Putumayo, which takes its name from a valley in Colombia, was founded in New York in 1993. It began life as an alternative clothing company, but soon decided to concentrate on music. Indeed its growth appears to have coincided with that of world music as a genre.
Speak Up. Ano XXIII, nº 275 (fragmento).
A indústria fonográfica passou por várias mudanças no século XX e, como consequência, as empresas enfrentaram crises. Entre as causas, o texto da revista Speak Up aponta

The six–year molars
The six–year molars are the permanent teeth. They are the "keystone" of the dental arch. They are also extremely susceptible to decay.
Parents have to understand that these teeth are very important. Over 25% of 6 to 7 year old children have beginning cavities in one of the molars.
The early loss of one of these molars causes serious problems in childhood and adult life. It is never easy for parents to make kids take care of their teeth. Even so, parents have to insist and never give up.
O texto aborda uma temática inerente ao processo de desenvolvimento do ser humano, a dentição.
Há informação quantificada na mensagem quando se diz que as cáries dos dentes mencionados

Atitlán

El lago Atitlán está situado en el centro de América, en Guatemala. Su belleza es extraordinaria y tiene un gran interés social. En sus márgenes conviven tres culturas: la indígena, la española y la mestiza. Presididos por tres majestuosos volcanes (el Atitlán, el Tolimán y el San Pedro), trece pueblos bordean el lago. Los habitantes del lago son en su mayoría indígenas, aunque crece el porcentaje de ladinos (mestizos). Un buen número de extranjeros – misioneros o investigadores – comparte en los pueblitos la forma de vida de los nativos. A partir de los años setenta, numerosas colonias de hippies se asientan en Atitlán. Jóvenes de todo el mundo, atraídos por el paisaje, el clima semitropical y la sencillez de la vida de los indios, acampan cerca del lago. Además, muchos comerciantes guatemaltecos y extranjeros se han instalado en el pueblo de Panajachel para establecer diversos negocios hoteleros, deportivos y artesanales. A cada día el lago Atitlán atrae a sus costas a más turistas y científicos. Unos llegan buscando sossiego ante el espejismo del lago; otros van a mezclarse con los orgullosos y apacibles indígenas en iglesias y mercados; muchos atraviesan el lago para recorrer los diferentes pueblos y para recrearse en la variada indumentaria de sus habitantes; otros estudian las diferentes lenguas y dialectos que se hablan en la zona y muchos investigan con pasión la rica fauna del lago y de las tierras volcánicas. Realmente, es impresionante la convivencia de tantas etnías y culturas. En el corazón de América hay un lago y unos volcanes que son símbolo y reflejo de lo que es Hispanoamérica: un mosaico de culturas y un ejemplo de convivencia.
SUÁREZ, M.; PICO DE COAÑA, M. Sobre iberoamérica. Madrid: Ediciones SM, 1998.
De acordo com o texto, a região do entorno do Lago Atitlán, na Guatemala, é de grande relevância social por representar o(a)
My brother the star, my mother the earth
my father the sun, my sister the moon,
to my life give beauty, to my
body give strength, to my corn give
goodness, to my house give peace, to
my spirit give truth, to my elders give
wisdom.
Disponível em: www.blackhawkproductions.com. Acesso em: 8 ago. 2012.
Produções artístico-culturais revelam visões de mundo próprias de um grupo social. Esse poema demonstra a estreita relação entre a tradição oral da cultura indígena norte-americana e a:
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After prison blaze kills hundreds in Honduras,
UN warns on overcrowding
15 February 2012
A United Nations human rights official today called on
Latin American countries to tackle the problem of prison
overcrowding in the wake of an overnight fire at a jail in
Honduras that killed hundreds of inmates. More than
300 prisoners are reported to have died in the blaze at
the prison, located north of the capital, Tegucigalpa, with
dozens of others still missing and presumed dead. Antonio
Maldonado, human rights adviser for the UN system in
Honduras, told UN Radio today that overcrowding may
have contributed to the death toll. “But we have to wait until
a thorough investigation is conducted so we can reach a
precise cause,” he said. “But of course there is a problem of
overcrowding in the prison system, not only in this country,
but also in many other prisons in Latin America.”
Disponível em: www.un.org. Acesso em: 22 fev. 2012 (adaptado).
Os noticiários destacam acontecimentos diários, que são veiculados em jornal impresso, rádio, televisão e internet. Nesse texto, o acontecimento reportado é a
If children live with criticism, they learn to condemn.
If children live with fear, they learn to be apprehensive.
If children live with pity, they learn to feel sorry for themselves.
If children live with ridicule, they learn to feel shy.
If children live with tolerance, they learn patience.
If children live with praise, they learn appreciation.
If children live with acceptance, they learn to love.
If children live with approval, they learn to like themselves.
If children live with recognition, they learn it is good to have a goal.
If children live with sharing, they learn generosity.
If children live with fairness, they learn justice.
If children live with kindness and consideration, they learn respect.
If children live with friendliness, they learn the world is a nice place in which to live.
NOLTE, D. L. Disponível em: www.americanfamilytraditions.com. Acesso em: 30 jul. 2012.
Valores culturais de um povo revelam sua forma de ser, agir e pensar. Na concepção da autora, as diferentes formas de educar crianças nos Estados Unidos confirmam que as crianças
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National Geographic News
Christine Dell’Amore
Published April 26, 2010
Our bodies produce a small steady amount of natural
morphine, a new study suggests. Traces of the chemical
are often found in mouse and human urine, leading
scientists to wonder whether the drug is being made
naturally or being delivered by something the subjects
consumed. The new research shows that mice produce
the “incredible painkiller” — and that humans and other
mammals possess the same chemical road map for
making it, said study co-author Meinhart Zenk, who studies
plant-based pharmaceuticals at the Donald Danforth Plant
Science Center in St. Louis, Missouri.
Disponível em: www.nationalgeographic.com. Acesso em: 27 jul. 2010.
Ao ler a matéria publicada na National Geographic, para a realização de um trabalho escolar, um estudante descobriu que