Simulado: Professor Classe A - Língua Inglesa - Gramática - SGA DF

45 questões | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior | Comentar (0)

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1 Questão 485342 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Having in mind the established rules for the formation of comparative forms, judge the following items.

The sooner you arrive, the better.

2 Questão 485359 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

As regards language teaching methods, judge the following items.

In Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), the target language is a vehicle for classroom communication, not just the object of study. That is one of the reasons why the use of the mother tongue should be handled sensibly and carefully.

3 Questão 485372 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items concerning singular and plural forms.

The plural forms of hypothesis, thesis, and crisis are respectively hypotheses, theses, and crises.

4 Questão 485391 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

According to the established rules of phonetics and phonology of the English language, judge the items below.

The following sets of words are illustrative of minimal pairs: toe/so, later/litter, they/day, bid/bead.

5 Questão 485397 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items in regard to adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns.

Where have all my students gone? There is everybody in the classroom.

6 Questão 485423 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Judge the following items.

“Playing video games and to watch sitcoms on cable TV are my favorite pastimes” is an example of coordinated structures with appropriate parallelism.

7 Questão 485433 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

With regard to verb tenses and verb forms, judge the items below.

In “He stopped smoking” and in “He stopped to smoke”, the meaning is the same because the verb “to stop” accepts both the infinitive and the gerund forms.

8 Questão 485442 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items in regard to adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns.

In “When traveling, one should be careful with one’s personal belongings”, the underlined form does not exist as a possessive adjective.

9 Questão 485453 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

In regard to error treatment and language teaching methods, decide about the correctness of the items below.

In Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), errors of form are tolerated during fluency-based activities and are seen as a natural outcome of the development of communication skills. The teacher may note the errors during fluency activities and return to them later with an accuracy-based activity.

10 Questão 485474 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

With regard to verb tenses and verb forms, judge the items below.

The sentence “I wouldn’t have to deal with pollution if I lived in the countryside” describes a real present situation.

11 Questão 485493 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Judge the following items concerning subordinated structures.

“Although Grant did not have any money” requires another clause introducing an expected result, such as he didn’t go to the movies.

12 Questão 485525 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Judge the following items concerning subordinated structures.

The relative structure in “The judge praised the jury members who had respected the rules of court” means that some members of the jury failed to comply with the rules.

13 Questão 485526 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

In regard to error treatment and language teaching methods, decide about the correctness of the items below.

In Georgi Lozanov’s Suggestopedia, now called Desuggestopedia to reflect the importance placed on suggesting no limitations on learning, errors are corrected gently, with the teacher using a soft voice. This method is illustrative of what came to be known as an affectivehumanistic approach to language teaching.

14 Questão 485529 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

In regard to error treatment and language teaching methods, decide about the correctness of the items below.

In the Total Physical Response (TPR) approach, errors are expected when students first begin speaking. The teacher should be tolerant and only correct structural errors unobtrusively. As students get more advanced, the teacher can correct more minor errors.

15 Questão 485536 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

With regard to verb tenses and verb forms, judge the items below.

In the sentences “Dancing is an excellent aerobic exercise” and “She is dancing with her brother”, the underlined forms are gerunds.

16 Questão 485538 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items concerning singular and plural forms.

Most nouns ending in f or fe have plurals in ves, as in half/halves, knife/knives, leaf/leaves, life/lives.

17 Questão 485547 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items in regard to adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns.

In “The audience was _______ at the tragic ending of the play” and “The _______ news made them speechless”, the blanks should be filled in respectively with the words shocked and shocking.

18 Questão 485568 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items concerning singular and plural forms.

The singular and plural form of the following words is the same: series, species, means.

19 Questão 485572 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

According to the established rules of phonetics and phonology of the English language, judge the items below.

The sound of the letter a in ago and in about is unstressed and it is called a schwa.

20 Questão 485574 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Having in mind the established rules for the formation of comparative forms, judge the following items.

The two brothers Peter and Paul are very good-looking, but Peter is the most handsome one.

21 Questão 485621 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items in regard to adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns.

Why should I be punished? I haven’t done nothing wrong.

22 Questão 485681 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

According to the established rules of phonetics and phonology of the English language, judge the items below.

The pronunciation of the verb use has two different forms in “He used his pen to sign his name” and in “He used to wear short trousers when he was a boy”.

23 Questão 485732 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

With regard to verb tenses and verb forms, judge the items below.

The sentence “I have never met or spoke to your father” is gramatically correct.

24 Questão 485741 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

According to the established rules of phonetics and phonology of the English language, judge the items below.

A shift (or change) in the stressed syllable of nouns such as contract, defect, object, progress turns them into verbs.

25 Questão 485802 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items in regard to adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns.

In “The friendly lady sings beautifully”, the underlined words have both an adverbial function.

26 Questão 485842 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Judge the following items.

In terms of sentence structure, “I came, I saw, I conquered” is an example of a simple sentence with asyndetic coordination.

27 Questão 485847 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

In regard to sentence connection, decide about the correctness of the following statements.

There is no change in meaning in “Luke, you had better listen to me, or be ready to bear the consequences” if the linking word is replaced by besides.

28 Questão 485854 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items in regard to adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns.

In “She drives ________” and in “She has a ________ car”, you can fill in the blanks with the word fast because both the adjective and the adverb have the same form.

29 Questão 485867 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

With regard to verb tenses and verb forms, judge the items below.

“That morning, by the time Hugh woke up, his wife had already gone to work” implies that Hugh did not see his wife that morning.

30 Questão 485898 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Judge the following items.

A disjunct is found in “Donna won’t cooperate, which makes things more difficult”.

31 Questão 485902 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

As regards language teaching methods, judge the following items.

There is student-to-student interaction in drilling exercises or when students take different roles in dialogs, but this interaction is teacher-centered. Also, students are not allowed to initiate interaction. This describes the nature of student-student interaction in Suggestopedia.

32 Questão 485920 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Having in mind the established rules for the formation of comparative forms, judge the following items.

Gisele Bündchen is at least 20 centimeters taller that the average Brazilian man.

33 Questão 485979 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

In regard to sentence connection, decide about the correctness of the following statements.

In “Medication is ineffective for some types of headaches; however, patients can learn how to deal with them”, the underlined connecting word is a conjunctive adverb linking two independent clauses.

34 Questão 486001 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Decide about the correctness of the following items concerning singular and plural forms.

Mathematics, athletics, and politics are singular nouns.

35 Questão 486020 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Having in mind the established rules for the formation of comparative forms, judge the following items.

The worse thing that could possibly happen to me is to lose my job.

36 Questão 486025 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

As regards language teaching methods, judge the following items.

Content-based Instruction, Task-based Instruction, and the Participatory Approach to foreign language teaching subvert the idea that students should learn to use a language and suggest instead that they should use a language in order to learn it.

37 Questão 486030 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

In regard to error treatment and language teaching methods, decide about the correctness of the items below.

In the Silent Way, errors are to be avoided at all costs through the teacher’s awareness of where the students will have difficulty and restriction of what they are taught to say.

38 Questão 486067 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

As regards language teaching methods, judge the following items.

One of the basic assumptions of the Grammar-Translation Method is that by learning to communicate students will be more motivated to study a foreign language since they will feel they are learning to do something useful with the language.

39 Questão 486077 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

With regard to verb tenses and verb forms, judge the items below.

Considering that John asked: “How can I apply?”, in reported speech, this sentence would become: John asked how he can apply.

40 Questão 486095 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

In regard to error treatment and language teaching methods, decide about the correctness of the items below.

In the Grammar-Translation method, errors are seen as a natural, indispensable part of the learning process. The teacher uses students’ errors as a basis for deciding where further work is necessary. Self and peer correction are fostered as well.

41 Questão 486116 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

With regard to verb tenses and verb forms, judge the items below.

Considering that Patricia said: “Don’t do this!” to her daughter, in reported speech, this sentence changes to “Patricia told her daughter for her not doing that.”

42 Questão 486178 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Judge the following items.

In “The strong belief that he was unbeatable was Hugh’s first defeat”, the underlined passage has an appositive function.

43 Questão 486197 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

Judge the following items.

In “Fred built the cabin with his own hands”, the underlined fragment is an adjunct.

44 Questão 486241 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

In regard to sentence connection, decide about the correctness of the following statements.

“Mark’s friends don’t like Japanese food, and Mark doesn’t either” would still be correct if rewritten as Mark’s friends don’t like Japanese food, and so does he.

45 Questão 486251 | Língua Inglesa, Gramática, Professor de Inglês, SGA DF, CESPE, Ensino Superior, 2004

As regards language teaching methods, judge the following items.

Integrating the four skills (reading, speaking, listening, and writing) from the beginning is a characteristic of the Audio- Lingual Method because it is concerned with habit formation.

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