House Approves Higher Debt Limit Without Condition By JONATHAN WEISMAN and ASHLEY PARKER Feb. 11, 2014 WASHINGTON - Ending three years of brinkmanship in which the threat of a devastating default on the nation’s debt was used to wring conservative concessions from President Obama, the House on Tuesday voted to raise the government’s borrowing limit until March 2015, without any conditions. The vote - 221 to 201 - relied almost entirely on Democrats in the Republican-controlled House to carry the measure and represented the first debt ceiling increase since 2009 that was not attached to other legislation. Only 28 Republicans voted yes, and only two Democrats voted no. Simply by holding the vote, Speaker John A. Boehner of Ohio effectively ended a three-year Tea Party-inspired era of budget showdowns that had raised the threat of default and government shutdowns, rattled economic confidence and brought serious scrutiny from other nations questioning Washington’s ability to govern. In the process, though, Mr. Boehner also set off a series of reprisals from fellow Republican congressmen and outside groups that showcased the party’s deep internal divisions. During the October 2013 government shutdown, The Times’s David Leonhardt explained the debt limit and how a failure to raise it could have affected the economy both at home and abroad. "He gave the president exactly what he wanted, which is exactly what the Republican Party said we did not want,” said a Republican representative, Tim Huelskamp of Kansas, who last year unsuccessfully tried to rally enough support to derail Mr. Boehner’s re-election as speaker. “It’s going to really demoralize the base.” The vote was a victory for President Obama, Democrats and those Senate Republicans who have argued that spending money for previously incurred obligations was essential for the financial standing of the federal government. “Tonight’s vote is a positive step in moving away from the political brinkmanship that’s a needless drag on our economy,” Jay Carney, the White House press secretary, said in a statement. "A clean debt ceiling is a complete capitulation on the speaker’s part and demonstrates that he has lost the ability to lead the House of Representatives, let alone his own party,” said Jenny Beth Martin, co-founder of the Tea Party Patriots. “It is time for him to go.” Senator Harry Reid of Nevada, the majority leader, commended the speaker and promised to pass the bill as soon as possible. “We’re happy to see the House is legislating the way they should have legislated for a long time,” he said. (Adapted from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/12/us/politics/ boehner-to-bring-debt-ceiling-to-vote-without-policy- attachments. html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_2014021 2&_r=0) 1 - Q21976. Inglês - Nível Superior - Analista Legislativo - AL PE - FCC - 2014 Segundo o texto, a) embora a Câmara dos Representantes americana seja majoritariamente republicana, aprovou, com maioria dos democratas, elevar o teto da dívida até 2015. b) os republicanos aprovaram a elevação do teto da dívida, mas impuseram determinados cortes de gastos públicos. c) os republicanos vinham emperrando a aprovação do aumento do teto da dívida desde 2009. d) Boehner teve o apoio da maioria dos republicanos, apesar das divergências internas do partido. e) apesar de pressionado pelos republicanos, o Presidente Obama negou-se a fazer quaisquer concessões de linha mais conservadora. Questão 21976 Comentarios (0) Erro questão? 2 - Q21977. Inglês - Nível Superior - Analista Legislativo - AL PE - FCC - 2014 De acordo com o texto, a) apesar de ter feito campanha para reconduzir Boehner à presidência da Câmara, Tim Huelskamp se opôs à proposta de lei de prorrogação do teto de dívida do país até março de 2015. b) Jenny Beth Martin acredita que Boehner terá de dirigir o Partido republicano sozinho, uma vez que perdeu o apoio da maioria. c) alguns senadores republicanos apoiaram a prorrogação, argumentando que era importante para a saúde financeira do governo pagar dívidas já contraídas. d) o senador Harry Reid comentou que o presidente da Câmara pretende aprovar a lei o mais breve possível. e) o fato de a proposta de lei ter sido aprovada sem nenhuma concessão orçamentária representa uma retirada estratégica dos democratas que inicialmente haviam negado seu apoio. Questão 21977 Comentarios (0) Erro questão? 3 - Q21978. Inglês - Nível Superior - Analista Legislativo - AL PE - FCC - 2014 As used in the text, and without any change in meaning, though could be replaced by a) however. b) therefore. c) then. d) in spite of. e) in addition to. Questão 21978 Comentarios (0) Erro questão? 4 - Q21979. Inglês - Nível Superior - Analista Legislativo - AL PE - FCC - 2014 No texto, o pronome sublinhado he refere-se a a) Republican Party. b) Tim Huelskamp . c) Mr. Boehner. d) David Leonhardt. e) the president. Questão 21979 Comentarios (0) Erro questão? Corrigindo... pode demorar um pouco, não atualize.