TEXT 2 Innovation is the new key to survival […] At its most basic, innovation presents an optimal strategy for controlling costs. Companies that have invested in such technologies as remote mining, autonomous equipment and driverless trucks and trains have reduced expenses by orders of magnitude, while simultaneously driving up productivity. Yet, gazing towards the horizon, it is rapidly becoming clear that innovation can do much more than reduce capital intensity. Approached strategically, it also has the power to reduce people and energy intensity, while increasing mining intensity. Capturing the learnings The key is to think of innovation as much more than research and development (R&D) around particular processes or technologies. Companies can, in fact, innovate in multiple ways, such as leveraging supplier knowledge around specific operational challenges, redefining their participation in the energy value chain or finding new ways to engage and partner with major stakeholders and constituencies. To reap these rewards, however, mining companies must overcome their traditionally conservative tendencies. In many cases, miners struggle to adopt technologies proven to work at other mining companies, let alone those from other industries. As a result, innovation becomes less of a technology problem and more of an adoption problem. By breaking this mindset, mining companies can free themselves to adapt practical applications that already exist in other industries and apply them to fit their current needs. For instance, the tunnel boring machines used by civil engineers to excavate the Chunnel can vastly reduce miners" reliance on explosives. Until recently, those machines were too large to apply in a mining setting. Some innovators, however, are now incorporating the underlying technology to build smaller machines—effectively adapting mature solutions from other industries to realize more rapid results. Re-imagining the future At the same time, innovation mandates companies to think in entirely new ways. Traditionally, for instance, miners have focused on extracting higher grades and achieving faster throughput by optimizing the pit, schedule, product mix and logistics. A truly innovative mindset, however, will see them adopt an entirely new design paradigm that leverages new information, mining and energy technologies to maximize value. […] Approached in this way, innovation can drive more than cost reduction. It can help mining companies mitigate and manage risks, strengthen business models and foster more effective community and government relations. It can help mining services companies enhance their value to the industry by developing new products and services. Longer-term, it can even position organizations to move the needle on such endemic issues as corporate social responsibility, environmental performance and sustainability. (http://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/ru/Document s/energy-resource /ru_er_tracking_the_trends_2015_eng.pdf) 1 - Questão 29436. Inglês - Interpretação de Texto em Inglês - Nível Superior - Arquivista - CODEMIG - FGV - 2015 When companies invest in “remote mining, autonomous equipment and driverless trucks and trains" (l. 3-4), it is clear that their goal is to: a) downsize the pay roll; b) decrease the speed of extraction; c) learn more technological strategies; d) buy machines which require man-power; e) spend more in equipment maintenance. Comentarios (0) Erro questão? 2 - Questão 29437. Inglês - Interpretação de Texto em Inglês - Nível Superior - Arquivista - CODEMIG - FGV - 2015 The fragment “To reap these rewards" (l. 17) means to: a) maintain old practices; b) get unexpected results; c) achieve desired benefits; d) offer better job conditions; e) win international competitions. Comentarios (0) Erro questão? 3 - Questão 29438. Inglês - Interpretação de Texto em Inglês - Nível Superior - Arquivista - CODEMIG - FGV - 2015 The verb “reduce" in “reduce capital intensity" (l. 7) has the same meaning as: a) cut in; b) cut off; c) cut out; d) cut loose; e) cut back on. Comentarios (0) Erro questão? 4 - Questão 29439. Inglês - Interpretação de Texto em Inglês - Nível Superior - Arquivista - CODEMIG - FGV - 2015 The word “them" in “apply them to fit" (l. 25) refers to: a) current needs; b) other industries; c) mining companies; d) practical applications; e) tunnel boring machines. Comentarios (0) Erro questão? 5 - Questão 29440. Inglês - Interpretação de Texto em Inglês - Nível Superior - Arquivista - CODEMIG - FGV - 2015 “For instance" in “Traditionally, for instance, miners have focused on extracting" (l. 34-35) is used to: a) justify; b) explain; c) exemplify; d) enumerate; e) summarize. Comentarios (0) Erro questão? Corrigindo... pode demorar um pouco, não atualize.